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The Yoruba Ifa Calendar

Posted on May 20, 2011 at 3:46 PM


Taken from Wikipedia:


The Yoruba calendar (Kojoda) year starts from June 3rd to June 2nd of the following year. According to this calendar, the Gregorian year 2008 A. D. is the 10050th year of Yoruba culture. The traditional Yoruba week has four days.


The 4 days that are dedicated to the Orisa


Day 1 is dedicated to Obatala (Sopanna, Iyaami, and the Egungun)

Day 2 is dedicated to Orunmila (Esu and Osun)

Day 3 is dedicated to Ogun (Osoosi)

Day 4 is dedicated to Sango (Oya)


In other testimony the days are: Ojo-Orunmila/Ifa, Ojo-Shango/Jakuta, Ojo-Ogun, and Ojo-Obatala.


To reconcile with the Gregorian calendar, Yoruba people also measure time in seven days a week and four weeks a month. The four day calendar was dedicated to the Orisas and the seven day calendar is for doing business.


Ojo-Aiku (Sunday)

Ojo-Aje (Monday)

Ojo-Ishegun/Atalata (Tuesday)

Ojo-'Ru/Alaruba (Wednesday)

Ojo-Bo/Alamisi (Thursday)

Ojo-Eti/Jimoh (Friday)

Ojo-Abameta (Saturday)


Time measurements


Time is measured in isheju (minutes), wakati (hours), ojo (days), ose (weeks), oshu (months) and odun (years). There are 60 (ogota) isheju in 1 (okan) wakati; 24 (merinlelogun) wakati in 1 ojo; 7 (meje) ojo in 1 ose; 4 (merin) ose in 1 oshu and 52 (ejileladota)ose in 1 {okan) odun. There are 12 (mejila) oshu in 1 (okan) odun.


Months

Sere (January)

Erele (February)

Erénà (March)

Igbe (April)

Èbìbí (May)

Okudu (June)

Agẹmo (July)

Ogun (August)

Òwéré (September)

Ọwara (October)

Bèlu (November)

Òpé (December)



Important calendar dates:


- Again, please keep in mind, this information is taken from Wikipedia.


Erele/Feb 21-25


Olokún = Oríṣà of Okún, the deep seas or oceans, patron of sailors, and guardian of souls lost at sea.


Èrèna/March 12 – 28


Annual rites of passage for men


Èrèna/March 15 – 19


Oduduwa (odudu, the dark pigment; ni ewa, is the beauty) / Iyaagbe (iya, mother; agbe, who receives) = Oríṣà of Earth and matron of the Ayé. Oduduwa endows the ebony dark skin pigment that accords greatest gifts of spirituality, beauty and intellect to the bearer. The essence of procreative love.


Èrèna/March 21 – 24


Oshosi = Oríṣà of Adventure and the hunt


Igbe / April


Ogun = Oríṣà of the metal and war crafts, and engineering. The custodian of truth and executioner of justice, as such patron of the legal and counselling professions who must swear to uphold truth while biting on a piece of metal.

 

Oshun = Oríṣà of Fertility and custodian of the female essence. who guides pregnancies to term. Igbe starts last Saturday of April, for 5 days-


Onset of wet season (Spring)


Èbìbí / May

 

Egungun (Commemoration of the Ancestors, including community founders and illustrious dead. Èbíbí: starts last Saturday of May, for 7 days


Okudu / June


Okudu 03: Onset of the Yoruba New Year (2008 is the 10,050th year of Yoruba culture)


Okudu 7 - 8: Shopona (Oríṣà of Disease, shopona, small pox is a viral disease) and Osanyin (Oríṣà of Medicine and patron of the healing professions: osan, afternoon; yin, healing)


Okudu 10 - 23: Annual rites of passage for women

Okudu 18 - 21: Yemoja = matriarch of the Òrún-Rere). Oduduwa gave birth to a boy Aganju (Land) and Yemoja (Water) from marriage to Ọbàtala. Yemoja in turn birthed many other Oríṣà. The old Ile-Ife kingdom arose on her burial site.


Agẹmo / July


Ọrúnmilà / Ifá = Oríṣà of Divination and founder of the Ifá sciences, whose divination is with 16 palm nuts. Mass gathering of the yoruba Agẹmo: first and second weeks in July


Oko (Agriculture) Harvesting of the new Yam crop.


Ẹlégba-Bara (Ẹlégba, one who has power to seize) / Eṣu (shu, to release eject from; ara, the body) = Oríṣà of male essence and Power, who is the great Communicator and messenger of the will of Olódùmarè. No woman should bara (ba ra, to rub with, have intercourse with) a man who has not done Ikola (circumcision: ike, cutting; ola, that saves) in sacrifice to Ẹlégba. Agẹmo second weekend of July


Ṣàngo (shan, to strike Jakuta:ja, fight; pẹlu okuta, with stones). The Oríṣà of Energy – Ara (Thunder) and Manamana, make fire (Lightning) whose divination is with 16 cowries and whose messenger and water-bearer is Oshumare (the Rainbow). Agẹmo: third week of July


Ogun / August


Ọbàtálá = (Obà,to possess; ti ala, of visions or Oríṣà-nla, the principal Oríṣà. Patriarch of Òrún-Rere, the heaven of goodly spirits and beneficial ancestors. As Olódùmarè is too powerful and busy to be pre-occupied by the affairs of any one living being. Ọbàtálá functions as the principal emissary of Olódùmarè on Aye, and is the custodian of Yoruba culture. The aso-ala (white cloth) worn by Ọbàtálá initiates is to signify need to be pure in intent and action: A recurring punishment for social misfits was to try to keep white cloth clean in Africa's tropical and dusty climate. The misappropriation of aso-ala connection to Ọbàtálá was/is a major weapon against the Yoruba in their psychological resistance of foreign invasion, as Christian and Islamic converts were/are indoctrinated that anything considered 'white' is pure: a notion that has also become a key tenet of racialist supremacy Ogun: last weekend of August


Òwéré / September


Ọwara / October


Oya (Orísà of the odo Oya (river Niger) whose messenger is Afefe (the Wind), and guardian of gateway between the physical realm (Aye) and the spiritual realm (Òrún). Ọwaro


Osun (Orísà of the odo Oṣun and patron of the (sovereign) Ijebu nation Ọwaro third weekend of October


Onset of the dry season (Autumn)


Shigidi (Orísà of Òrún-Apadi, the realm of the unsettled spirits and the ghosts of the dead that have left Aye and are forsaken of Òrún-Rere. Custodian of nightmares and patron of assassins. Solemn candlelight to guide the unsettled away from your residence, else they settle in your dolls or other toys. Ọwaro 30 World Slavery Day?


Bèlu / November


Òpé / December


Obajulaiye (Oríṣà of Ṣòwò (Commerce) and owo (wealth). Òpé 15


Onset of the second dry season (winter solstice)


Categories: Collective information about the Tradition; Ifa, Orisa, & Yorubaland

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1 Comment

Reply Ma'Ye
1:47 PM on August 8, 2011 
Great Information.. Love you for this!

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